Compact and lightweight. Shoots up to 11 frames per second. 24.3 megapixels. Wi-Fi connectivity. Intuitive controls. Compatible with Sony E-mount lenses. Performs well in low light. Reasonably priced for what you get.
Some users have had issues with the camera not recognizing the lens.
8.5 frames per second. 5-axis image stabilization. Connects to Wi-Fi. Suitable for beginners and experienced photographers. Silent shutter mode. Easy to customize menu options. Electronic viewfinder. Small and lightweight.
Focusing in low light can be challenging. Battery doesn't last very long on a single charge.
Excellent value for the price. Takes 4K photos and videos. Integrated Wi-Fi sharing. 16 megapixels. Sturdy, compact camera. Works well in low light. Quiet shutter sound. Customizable buttons for easy access to the menu options you need.
Some users say it feels cheap and plastic-y.
24.3 megapixels.Tilting LCD touchscreen. Can take up to 8 pictures per second. Shoots 4K video. Remotely control camera with Fujifilm Camera Remote app. Powerful, yet easy to use controls. Lightweight.
A little pricey. Not ideal for low light photography.
20.8-megapixel camera that can take up to 20 frames per second. 180-degree tilting touchscreen. Built-in Wi-Fi. Easy to customize to suit your needs. Takes crisp, clear images in all lights.
Unless you're serious about photography, you may not want to spend this much on a camera. No electronic viewfinder.
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Over the past several years, mirrorless cameras have advanced significantly. These cameras are internally different from DSLRs, which are a far more established design. As technology improves, however, more photographers – both amateur and professional – are considering the benefits of owning a mirrorless camera.
The small size and great feature set of a mirrorless camera may appeal to you, too. Perhaps you’re curious about mirrorless cameras and want to learn more. Perhaps you know you want to buy a mirrorless camera but need a bit of guidance as to which product is the best. In either case, you’ve come to the right place.
In the matrix above, you’ll find a deeper exploration of some of the best mirrorless cameras the market has to offer. If you’d like to know more about mirrorless cameras before buying one, just keep reading.
Here are some of the most important terms and features to understand with mirrorless cameras.
Interchangeable lenses: With a mirrorless camera, you can swap out the lens you’re using to take advantage of different features.
Image sensor: The image sensor is a silicon chip inside the camera body that measures light from the scene and records photos. Image sensors are described by manufacturers in terms of physical size and the number of megapixels they can record.
Electronic viewfinder (EVF): An EVF differs from the optical viewfinder found on a DSLR in that it is a tiny display screen. Mirrorless cameras use only EVFs; DSLRs can use either EVFs or optical viewfinders. Notably, some mirrorless cameras do not have built-in EVFs.
LCD screen: The display screen on the back of a mirrorless camera allows you to view the current scene. You can use this screen or an EVF to frame the scene. You can also control the camera’s settings and review photos you’ve shot using the screen.
An excellent all-rounder
Among mirrorless cameras, the Sony a6000 stands out for its above-average performance across the board. Both beginning and intermediate photographers can enjoy great success with this model. Considering its feature list and broad versatility, the a6000’s price is reasonable, too.
Both mirrorless cameras and DSLRs use a large image sensor to record digital photographs, and both offer high-end components for excellent image quality and performance. However, there are design differences between the two camera types.
A DSLR has a mirror inside that sits in front of the image sensor and reflects the light traveling through the lens upward to the optical viewfinder. This design dates back to the days of 35mm film cameras.
When you press the shutter button to record the image, the mirror lifts up so the light can reach the image sensor. In the days of film cameras, this mirror kept the film from being exposed until the shutter button was pressed.
With digital cameras, the mirror is not really needed because you can’t inadvertently expose an image sensor. That’s where mirrorless cameras enter the picture. As the name suggests, there is no mirror inside a mirrorless camera. For this reason, mirrorless cameras are smaller and thinner than DSLRs. But the differences don’t stop there.
Advantages of mirrorless cameras
Mirrorless cameras tend to outperform DSLRs in terms of movie recording. The autofocus system works faster than that of a DSLR, making video recording a smoother process. In many cases, a mirrorless camera is able to shoot at a higher burst rate than the average DSLR as well – though not as fast as a top-of-the-line DSLR.
What’s more, if you’re looking for a bit of style in the aesthetics of your camera, you’ll find more choices in the mirrorless arena. Mirrorless cameras tend to come in more designs and brighter colors than DSLRs.
Advantages of DSLR cameras
DSLRs offer more choice in terms of interchangeable lenses, and because DSLRs have been around a few decades more than mirrorless cameras, there are many compatible lenses available. In particular, DSLRs outdo mirrorless cameras in offering large telephoto lenses.
As a general rule, DSLR battery life is better than mirrorless camera battery life, too. You can frame photos with the DSLR using the optical viewfinder, which conserves battery life, whereas you must use an electronic viewfinder or the LCD screen to frame a scene on a mirrorless camera.
Most DSLR lenses do not work with mirrorless cameras, although a few might work with a lens mount adapter. If you buy a mirrorless camera, expect your lenses to be an additional expense.
Most mirrorless cameras offer an electronic viewfinder (EVF) to frame the scene, although some EVFs are detachable and not built into the camera hardware, making it easier to swap if damaged.
Mirrorless cameras typically cost a little less than comparable DSLRs with similar features, but they cost quite a bit more than simple fixed-lens cameras.
Between $300 and $700, you’ll find lower-priced mirrorless cameras that are suitable for beginners. Image quality is good, though cameras in this price range will be limited to Micro Four Thirds or APS-C image sensors. In performance, they can’t quite compete with an entry-level DSLR, but for the money, you get a basic mirrorless camera of decent quality.
Most photographers with some experience will seek a mirrorless camera in the $700 to $1,500 price range. These cameras can record high-quality video and movies. In terms of performance, they come close to matching that of mid-level DSLR cameras.
The most expensive mirrorless cameras cost between $1,500 and $3,000. They often contain full-frame image sensors and extremely fast image processors. At the upper end of this range, you’ll find pro-level camera components and performance levels. There is little reason for an inexperienced photographer to spend this kind of money on a mirrorless camera, but an experienced photographer would likely push this type of camera to its limits.
Great value for the price
This compact camera shoots excellent 4K video, yet it carries a lower price than similar competitors. Image quality is strong, too, making this a nice camera for all kinds of photography scenarios. What’s more, you can customize some of the buttons on the back for your own ease of use – a feature that’s usually reserved for pricier cameras.
You will incur a few additional costs when making use of a mirrorless camera.
Some mirrorless cameras ship with a basic lens included in the box (called a kit lens). If not, you’ll have to purchase another lens separately. You’ll probably buy additional lenses in the future as well. Lenses for mirrorless cameras cost anywhere from $100 to $500 apiece.
You’ll need to purchase a memory card on which to store your digital photos. Memory cards cost between $10 and $30, depending on capacity.
You may want to purchase accessories such as a flash, an external electronic viewfinder, or a second battery for your mirrorless camera. Each of these accessories usually costs between $50 and $100, depending on your camera model.
Q. Why are mirrorless cameras so expensive?
A. Even though mirrorless cameras are small like simple point-and-shoot cameras, the interior components are of a higher quality and therefore cost more. And similar to DSLRs, mirrorless cameras have large image sensors, which also adds to the expense.
Q. How do I know what lenses will fit my mirrorless camera?
A. Each brand and model of mirrorless camera contains a lens mount; this is the area where you attach the interchangeable lens. Any lens you purchase for your mirrorless camera must fit the lens mount, and only certain lenses fit certain mounts.
Some mirrorless camera makers do offer adapters that allow other lenses to fit the lens mount, but this is uncommon.
Q. What do the different image sensor sizes mean for mirrorless cameras?
A. Most mirrorless cameras have an APS-C-size image sensor, which is a perfect for beginning and intermediate photographers, as these sensors offer a good value and excellent image quality. If you want the next step up in image sensors, look for a mirrorless camera with a full frame-size image sensor.
A slight step down from APS-C sensors are Micro Four Thirds sensors. These are a little smaller, but they still do a good job.
Q. What do the resolution numbers for mirrorless cameras mean?
A. A camera’s resolution reflects the number of megapixels it can record. A digital photograph is made up of millions of pixels, or dots. A pixel equals one dot, and a megapixel equals one million dots. Higher-resolution mirrorless cameras can record more scene data, which results in better image quality. Common resolution counts in mirrorless cameras range from 12 to 24 megapixels, or MPs.
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