Primarily made of cast iron, which results in good durability and stability when using the tool. 1-hp motor runs at a maximum 3,450 rpm, which will handle big jobs. Grinder wheels are 1" wide and provide a strong performance.
Carries a higher price than others. Wheels may wobble because of alignment issues.
Good option for basic jobs at home. Motor offers 3,450 rpm, which is impressive for a low-priced bench grinder. Includes a mounted work light for better visibility. Small – would work well for someone with limited work space.
Not able to handle large jobs. Smaller than some other bench grinders.
Count on the quality of this bench grinder that features cast iron in the motor housing and base. Easy-to-adjust guards allow you to work faster. Powerful motor runs up to 3,600 rpm and lasts a long time. Distance between wheels is 12.5" - great for working on big items.
Some problems with excessive vibrations and wheels arriving out of alignment.
Grinder wheels each measure 1" width to simplify the work. Slower machine with 1,725 rpm to reduce heat build-up. Uses wheels made from white aluminum oxide to prevent overheating. Well built with a heavy steel base. Quieter-than-average 1/2 hp motor.
Some jobs need a faster wheel rotation. Wheels may arrive out of alignment.
Motor will spin at an impressive 3,450 rpm maximum speed, especially considering the price. Reduces noise by making use of rubber feet. Cast iron base provides plenty of stability. Each wheel has adjustable tool rests to ensure the most efficient operation.
Not really made for heavy-duty jobs. Longevity is questionable.
There’s no doubt that a good bench grinder is an indispensable tool in a pro shop. You may not think of it as a priority for the home workshop, but ask the people who have one and they will probably say they wouldn’t be without it. A variety of sizes and power outputs ensure there’s something for every user, from the hobby machinist or mechanic to the full-time professional engineer.
BestReviews is here to help you decide which of those options will best fit your needs. We can provide the information you need to make the right buying decision for your workshop.
As always, we’ve selected a top five. These are the models that receive our recommendation. Each one offers class-leading standards of performance and value.We’ve also compiled the following bench grinder shopping guide if you would like more details before you buy.
A bench grinder is a surprisingly versatile tool. Grinding to shape pieces of metal is an obvious task. A grinder is often used for sharpening, too – everything from kitchen knives to lawn-mower blades. Change one of the grinding wheels for a wire wheel and it can remove rust or paint. There are also flap wheels for polishing and leather wheels for honing.
Visit your local engineer, auto shop, or hardware store and see how much they charge for relatively simple jobs – jobs you could do yourself if your workshop had a bench grinder.
Do the math and you’ll see how quickly it will pay for itself!
A bench grinder is a fairly basic tool. It contains an electric motor that drives a pair of shafts. Each shaft is attached to a grinding wheel, with guards for safety and tool rests for easier control of the workpiece.
While all bench grinders have a similar design, there are variations in size, power, construction, and other features.
The diameter of the grinding wheel determines the size of the bench grinder. In general, a bigger wheel has more mass, requiring more power to turn and maintain speed under load (most bench grinder wheels rotate between 3,400 and 3,600 rpm).
Budget bench grinders are often rated in amps, while more powerful models are rated in horsepower (ranging from about one-quarter to one horsepower). It’s important to note that all of these ratings are under “no load” conditions – the motor is running but not grinding anything. Grinding or sharpening slows the wheel a fraction. If the motor is strong enough, the drop in speed is barely noticeable. However, if there’s too little power, the wheel won’t cut efficiently. In rare cases, it could even stall. Therefore, more power is better.
Six-inch bench grinder: Many people find that for general-purpose use, a six-inch grinder with a wheel width of either one-half inch or three-quarter inch is perfectly adequate for most jobs, such as sharpening tools and removing rust. We’d favor a one-half horsepower motor for a six-inch grinder, but we’d consider one-third horsepower a basic minimum for light-duty home workshop use.
Eight-inch bench grinder: There are benefits to having the larger eight-inch wheel, which is usually one inch wide. It provides more cutting area, so the material you’re grinding is removed more quickly. If you’re sharpening tools, you can work on more of the blade at once, so it’s easier to get an even edge.
Eight-inch grinders need more power to rotate at the same speed (there’s increased mass to move), so here we prefer to see a three-quarter horsepower or greater motor. The best professional-grade bench grinders deliver one horsepower.
Slow-speed bench grinder: This is the exception to the general 3,400 to 3,600 rpm rule. These machines are mostly marketed to woodworkers. Woodturning and carving chisels can be damaged by the high temperatures created by ordinary grinders, so they have lower speeds of 1,725 rpm. Most of these are eight-inch models, but because they run more slowly, a one-half horsepower motor is fine.
Substantial construction gives a bench grinder the rigidity you need to do accurate work. Grinding is usually quite a loud task, but a heavy-duty build helps to dampen the vibration and so reduce noise levels.
Steel is solid and durable.
Guards: It goes without saying that guards are vital. On some bench grinders, a spark guard and eye shield are separate; on others, they’re combined. As long as they’re easy to adjust, the type you choose isn’t important.
Tool rests: These should always be fitted. These can be set for particular grind angles and make it easier to control the workpiece.
Lights: It’s important to see what you’re doing. Some bench grinders have small LED lights directly above the grinding wheels, others have a lamp on a flexible stalk.
Bench grinders vary in price from $40 to $300 and more. There’s so much choice, it’s really a question of deciding on the specifications you need and shopping around for the right price.
At the budget end of the market, you’ll find perfectly good six-inch bench grinders for as little as $40 or $50, and up to about $100. These are ideal for occasional light-duty work, and you’ll recover your costs in no time.
If you grind or sharpen on a regular basis, you’ll want to invest in higher performance – either a more powerful six-inch grinder or an eight-inch machine. A professional-quality bench grinder from a respected brand will cost anywhere from $100 to $300.
The very best tools can cost $300 and more. For that kind of money, you’ll get a powerful, robust, and dependable bench grinder that will last a lifetime.
Always bolt down your bench grinder. Even applying light pressure against the grinding wheel will cause the grinder to move. That not only leads to inaccuracies but it’s also potentially dangerous. A fixed bench grinder provides a stable work environment. And because the vibration is dampened, it’s also quieter.
Always work with the guards in place. And always wear eye protection.
Work with caution. A rapidly rotating bench grinder creates substantial forces. Make sure you have a good grip on the workpiece, and approach with caution. There’s no benefit to forcing things – you’ll do more harm than good. Let the grinding wheel do the work.
Keep the workpiece in motion, and work in short bursts. Bench grinders can transfer considerable heat to the metal you’re grinding or sharpening. Stopping often gives you a chance to check your progress and, equally importantly, reduces the chances that you’ll burn your fingers!
Never work with a grinding wheel that’s chipped, cracked, or wobbling erratically. It could shatter at high speed, firing razor sharp fragments in all directions.
Let the grinder reach full speed before starting work. That’s when the tool is cutting most efficiently. Never use the workpiece or a piece of scrap to slow down the machine when you’ve finished. You could damage the wheel.
Q. What do grit numbers mean on grinding wheels?
A. The grit number tells you how coarse the wheel is. Most bench grinders come with two wheels.
A 36-grit wheel is designed for rapid material removal.
A 60-grit wheel is for general-purpose shaping and sharpening.
A 100-grit wheel is for fine sharpening.
A 150-grit and higher wheel is for polishing.
Grinding wheels come in different materials, too. Standard wheels are often aluminium oxide or silicon carbide. White wheels, a type of aluminium oxide, are usually used on slow-speed bench grinders. Diamond wheels are used for sharpening very hard materials, such as cutting tools with carbide tips.
Q. Why are the guards and tool rests adjustable?
A: As you use your bench grinder, the grinding wheel wears away. If you don’t adjust the spark guards and eye shields, you could find yourself showered in tiny red-hot particles! Adjusting the tool rests helps maintain optimum performance. If the gap between the wheel and tool rest gets to big, you get excess vibration, and the wheel won’t cut as well as it should. There’s also the chance of the workpiece snagging on the wheel and getting pulled downward, which is very dangerous. The manufacturer’s instructions will tell you what the gap ought to be. Adjustments should be made regularly.
Q. I notice some people keep a jar of water by the grinder. Why?
A. Heat builds up rapidly in the metal you’re grinding, so cooling it occasionally lets you work longer. It’s also useful when sharpening cutting tools like chisels, which are heat-treated (tempered) when they’re made. If they get too hot, you could remove the temper, and they could go blunt very quickly. Dipping the tools in water reduces the chances of this happening.
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