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The best digital keyboards on the market deliver high-quality sound with weighted keys that simulate the expressivity of a real piano.
Many manufacturers claim their products replicate the sound of an upright or grand, but some models are truer to their acoustic predecessors than others.
If you’re looking to buy a digital keyboard, you’ve come to the right place!
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Please read on to learn more about digital keyboards. And when you’re ready to make a purchase, we invite you to refer to the above product matrix for a description of the top five digital keyboards on today’s market.
When shopping for a digital keyboard, there are essentially two paths you can take.
Some people seek an instrument that duplicates the performance of a traditional keyboard, such as a piano or organ. Others seek a multifunctional synthesizer primarily for personal entertainment.
A digital keyboard with 88 weighted keys and sustain pedals is ideal for student rehearsal.
A small synthesizer with fewer spring-loaded keys is generally better for recreational use.
The idea is to match the user with the right type of instrument.
Missy holds degrees in music education and psychology. She is a certified K-12 music teacher with 18 years of experience in Michigan public schools. In her spare time, Missy performs with an eclectic mid-Michigan band called The Honeybadgers.
Modern digital synthesizers have removed much of the “work” from musical performance. Here are a few examples:
With the press of a button, you can launch a sophisticated rhythm track complete with bass variations, drum fills, and intro/outro options.
On some keyboards, you can press a button that automatically adds the appropriate chords to a single-note performance.
Product in Depth
Product in Depth
Yamaha ARIUS Traditional Console w/Bench
Key Weights & Pedals
The TOUCH button on the Yamaha allows users to choose between hard, medium, and soft settings, it can also be turned off for organ playing and other stylings. The keyboard comes with three traditional pedal functions – damper, sostenuto, and soft – for added freedom of expression and also includes a half-pedal capability that simulates the action of a real human foot. This instrument yields a degree of artistic expression that is suitable for beginners and professionals alike.
Other digital keyboards may not be as flashy or versatile as synthesizers, but they serve a different purpose.
Many music students do not enjoy easy access to traditional pianos or other keyboard instruments. One affordable solution is to purchase a digital keyboard that duplicates the action and touch of a real piano, including weighted keys and all three sustain pedals.
Some models have additional voices, such as “organ,” “strings,” and “brass.” A few incorporate the same digital voices as synthesizers.
Pianos usually have three pedals: the soft pedal, the sostenuto pedal, and the sustaining (or damper) pedal.
Traditional piano keys are mechanical levers. The performer depresses a key that engages an internal hinge and hammer. The hammer strikes the piano's tuned wires, creating a note. A cloth damper then presses on the string and ends the vibration. This design puts weight on the keys, and piano students eventually develop a performance technique based on that weight.
A digital piano doesn't have hammers, so it relies on internal technology to simulate the action of an acoustic instrument. Poor action can cause a player to use heavy finger force just to get a sound out. Good action feels and sounds like an acoustic instrument without excessive finger force.
Weighted keys are an important feature for performers, but they’re not essential for the casual player. However, rehearsing with weighted keys makes the transition to a traditional piano much easier.
Touch sensitivity takes the concept of “action” one step further. A touch-sensitive keyboard allows the player to convey the emotion of the music by depressing keys with varying amounts of pressure and velocity. Many digital keyboards have special sensors that measure the amount of pressure and speed performers place on each key. A lighter touch often results in a softer tone, while a heavy or fast touch creates a louder note with a faster “attack.” This is a useful feature during performance, since part of what makes music interesting to the listener is a change in dynamics.
The soft pedal softens a note. The sostenuto pedal, the least-used of the three, sustains selected notes. The sustaining (or damper) pedal is the most commonly used and sustains all the damped strings.
Some digital keyboard manufacturers like to pack as many additional features as possible into their high-end models, but shoppers should avoid the temptation to upgrade without cause.
There are additional features that enhance or improve performance, but there are also add-ons that casual users don’t need. Composers may want to create and store original tracks, for example, but most players, rehearsing the work of others, will not.
Below are some additional features student musicians and casual players should look for when shopping for a digital keyboard.
Having the option of 500+ digital voices may be enticing, but it is not always worth the upgrade from the standard 100+ voices found on most synthesizers today.
An important element of performance is the ability to sustain a note or chord for a long time or close it off immediately.
Traditional pianos accomplish this through the use of several foot-operated sustain pedals. These pedals move the dampening board closer or further from the piano's strings.
Many digital keyboards designed for rehearsal offer all three sustain pedals, but others offer only one pedal as an add-on feature.
Digital keyboards should have the capability to communicate with the outside world through external ports. The two most important features to look for are an external headphone/amplifier jack and a MIDI connector.
The onboard speakers on most digital keyboards, even on the higher end, can only produce a limited amount of sound, so the synthesizer needs the ability to connect with a mixing board or powered amplifier rated for keyboards.
Product in Depth
Product in Depth
Casio Privia 88-Key Digital
Polyphony & Tone
The Casio PX859 Privia offers excellent 256-voice polyphony. This high number of sustainable voices allows for great expressivity and is especially gratifying for intermediate students who wish to focus on honing their artistic expression. Its menu of 18 different tone choices is sufficient for most amateurs, although a recording composer might wish for more choices.
One very useful addition, especially in terms of performance, is a pitch bend controller. Usually found on the left side of the keyboard, a pitch bend wheel is a spring-loaded switch that can “bend” a note several tones above or below its original setting.
Using a pitch bend wheel on an electronic keyboard often improves the authenticity of a voice’s sound.
Many professional players deliberately bend notes during solo performances to add a different feel, like a blues note or a jazz trill.
A keyboard's polyphonic capacity reflects the number of pitches that can be held and/or sustained at the same time. Once a keyboard reaches its polyphonic maximum, the pitches begin to cancel each other out. In general, the higher the polyphony, the better.
A keyboard is not designed to duplicate the mechanics of a saxophone or trumpet or strings. However, a keyboard with touch-sensitive keys is better able to allow a string section to build slowly or a trumpet to belt out quick, sharp notes.
Digital pianos range in price from hundreds to thousands of dollars. Higher-priced models claim to have better action and touch sensitivity and are targeted at serious and professional musicians.
A traditional upright piano for $50 may sound like a bargain. But don’t forget about the associated delivery, installation, and tuning charges. These expenses can add up quickly.
When used as an in-home rehearsal instrument or recreational synthesizer, volume is not usually a major consideration. The onboard speakers should deliver enough power to fill a small room with sound.
However, there are times when a home digital keyboard may have to fill some much larger shoes. Under these conditions, even the most expensive synthesizer speakers could be drowned out by other instruments or lost in the expanse of an auditorium. This calls for serious amplification.
Below are some ways to get it.
Digital samples are added to a single processing chip in a synthesizer, so when a keyboardist selects a voice such as “violin,” the base soundwave is actually an authentic reproduction of a real violin.
There are times when a wired instrument can be a safety hazard to others or a small sound system has no available channels. One low-tech solution is to attach a wireless lavalier microphone to one of the keyboard's external speakers and mix it into an existing channel with a wireless receiver. The keyboard and player can be positioned anywhere within the microphone's range, and the sound can be balanced through the mixing board.
A safer solution for keyboard amplification is to plug the synthesizer into a mixing board first and then adjust the channel to the proper balance. This is a workable solution for church and performance halls where the player can hear other musicians and the keyboard through monitors or PA speakers. An experienced sound mixer should be able to monitor the keyboard's channel and keep everything in balance.
Having a sustain option is a good idea for even casual musicians, since many voices sound more natural or fuller when sustained.
It is important to remember that an electronic keyboard is a charged instrument, which means it already has electrical power running through it. An electric guitar, on the other hand, has no power of its own until it’s plugged into an amp
A charged instrument can easily overpower an amplifier designed for an electric guitar. A bass amplifier or a special keyboard amplifier is designed to handle a much more powerful load, so a keyboard player needs to make sure the keyboard's volume output is reduced to avoid a blow-out.
Digital keyboards run anywhere from less than $100 for an entry-level Casiotone to $3,000+ for a professional-grade Korg synthesizer. As such, it’s important for shoppers to understand the pros and the cons of digital keyboards at all price points.
Sometimes the difference between a $500 practice keyboard and a $1,500 digital piano is largely cosmetic. But other times, the differences really do affect performance quality.
Traditional acoustic pianos require regular maintenance and tuning to remain in proper condition. Digital pianos don’t require tuning.
Many digital keyboards do not duplicate the action or touch of an actual piano or organ. A lot of smaller synthesizers use lightweight plastic keys that are spring-loaded for easier playing. The keys themselves may be smaller in size than traditional keys, and there may not be 88 of them.
Making the transition from a lightweight digital keyboard to a traditional instrument is often a challenge.
Most digital keyboards only synthesize the voices of instruments; they don’t fully recreate them. Although the original sound source may have been a real instrument, digitizing and synthesizing that sound for a keyboard affects its characteristics.
Listeners are not necessarily going to mistake a digital saxophone or trumpet for the real thing.
Q. My son just started taking piano lessons. Do I need to buy a practice keyboard with 88 weighted keys?
A. Ordinarily, you would want to match the rehearsal instrument with the performance instrument as much as possible. If your son’s instructor uses a traditional piano with weighted keys, then investing in a similar digital keyboard would be ideal. However, these instruments can be very expensive. For the short term, a younger player just learning the fundamentals of music can practice scales and basic melodies on a smaller keyboard with fewer keys.
Q. How do digital keyboards duplicate the sounds of so many instruments so well? If I close my eyes, I swear there's a real sax player in the room.
A. Synthesizing authentic instrumental voices was a major problem with earlier generations of digital keyboards. The few voices featured on these instruments sounded very little like the real thing. But the invention of digital-sampling software revolutionized the industry. Sound engineers recorded real musicians performing on real instruments under laboratory conditions.
Q. Why does my new electronic keyboard sound so tinny? I like to play it for fun, but the sound isn't very good.
A. This is a common problem with entry-level digital keyboards. The low cost of a voice-sampling chip makes it possible for manufacturers to include hundreds of decent instrumental sounds, but the onboard speakers haven't been upgraded as well. The top synthesized sound generator is still going to sound tinny or distorted when played through a low-quality speaker.
The best solution is to look for an outgoing RCA or headphone jack and run the keyboard through an auxiliary input in a home stereo system, or use a bass or keyboard amplifier.
A grand piano has a horizontal frame and strings, and the strings extend away from the keyboard. An upright piano has a vertical frame and strings and is therefore more compact.
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At BestReviews, we purchase every product we review with our own funds. We never accept anything from product manufacturers. Our goal is to be 100% objective in our analysis, and we do not want to run the risk of being swayed by products provided at no cost.